Abrams v. Saint John’s Hospital
30 Cal. Rptr.2d 603 (Cal. Ct. App. 1994)

Adkins v. Houston Medical Center
D. C. Docket No. 04-00080-CV-WDO-5 June 12 2007

Adler v. Montefiore Hospital Association of Western Pennsylvania
311 A.2d 634 (Pa. 1973), cert. denied, 94 S.Ct. 870 (1974)

Ahmed v. Univ. Hosps. Health Care Sys., Inc.
No. 79016 (Ohio Ct. App. Apr. 18, 2002)

Aldridge v. Brodman
NYAD 4 Dept 2008 Mar 14 2008

Ali v. Medstar Health
No. Civ.A. 99 CA001753 (D.C. Super. August 15, 2003)

Alta Anesthesia Associates of Georgia, P.C. v. Gibbons
537 S.E.2d 388 (Ga. Ct. App. 2000) No. A00A0238 (Ga. Ct. App. July 13, 2000)

Ahmed v. Univ. Hosps. Health Care Sys., Inc.
No. 79016, 2002 WL 664026 (Ohio Ct. App. Apr. 18, 2002) (unpublished)

Ali v. Medstar Health
No. Civ.A. 99 CA001753 (D.C. Super. August 15, 2003)

Aluko v. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Hospital Authority
959 F.Supp. 729 (W.D.N.C. 1997)

Andorfer v. Associates Anesthesiologists of Springfield, Inc.
1998 WL 767461 (Ohio Ct. App. 1998)

Angelico v. Lehigh Valley Hospital, Inc.
984 F.Supp. 308 (E.D. Pa. 1997)

Anne Arundel General Hospital, Inc. v. Obrien
432 A.2d 483 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 1981)

Anton v. San Antonio Community Hospital
19 Cal.3d 802, 567 P.2d 1162

Applebaum v. Barton Memorial Hospital
104 Cal. App.3d 648 (1980)

Applewhite v. Briber et al
506 F.3d 181 Dec 14 2004

Armstrong Surgical Center, Inc. v. Armstrong County Memorial Hospital
185 F.3d 154 (3d. Cir. 1999)

Ascherman v. St. Francis Memorial Hospital
45 CA 3rd 507; 119 Cal Rptr 507

Austin v. McNamara
979 F.2d 728 (9th Cir. 1992)

Awad v. U. Colorado School of Medicine
2003

Azmat v. Shalala
186 F.Supp.2d 744 (W.D. Ky. 2001)

Babb v. Centre Community Hospital
1993 

Babcock v. Saint Francis Med. Ctr.
543 N.W.2d 749 (Neb. Ct. App. 1996)

Balaklaw v. Lovell
14 F.3d 793 (2d. Cir. 1994)

Bartley v. Eastern Maine Medical Center
617 A.2d 1020 (Me. 1992)

Bass v. Ambrosius
520 N.W.2d 625 (Wis. Ct. App. 1994)

BCB Anesthesia Care, Ltd. v. Passavant Memorial Area Hospital Association
36 F.3d 664 (7th Cir. 1994)

Beard v. Parkview Hospital
912 F.2d 138 (6th Cir. 1990)

Bedell v. Call
Civil Case No. 96-00463-E-BLW (D. Idaho 1999) (unpublished)

Bellam v. Clayton County Hospital Authority
758 F. Supp. 1488 (N.D. Ga. 1990)

Belmar v. Cipolla
475 A.2d 533 (N.J. 1984)

Bender v. Suburban Hosp.
758 A.2d 1090 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 2000)

Benjamin v. Aroostook Med. Ctr.
113 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 1997), cert. denied, 118 S.Ct. 602 (1997)

Berg v. Shapiro
36 P.3d 109 (Colo. Ct. App. 2001)

Beville v. Curry
1998 WL 202338 (Okla. Ct. App. 1998), rev’d, 39 P.3d 754 (Okla. 2001)

Beyer v. Lakeview Community Hospital
1999 WL 552606 (6th Cir. 1999)

Bhan v. NME Hospitals, Inc.
772 F.2d 1467 (9th Cir. 1985) 929 F.2d 1404 (9th Cir. 1991)

Bhatt v. Brownsville Gen. Hosp.
No. 06-1472 (3d Cir. June 7, 2007)

Blank v. Palo Alto – Stanford Hospital Center
234 Cal. App.2d 377, 44 Cal. Rptr. 572 (Cal. Ct. App. 1965)

Bloom v. Clara Mass Medical Center
685 A.2d 966 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 1996)

Bloom v. Hennepin County
783 F. Supp. 418 (D. Minn. 1992)

Blue Cross and Blue Shield v. Marshfield Clinic
65 F.3d 1406 (7th Cir. 1995)

Bluefield Community Hospital, Inc. v. Anziulewicz
737 F.2d 405 (4th Cir. 1984)

Blume v. Marian Health Ctr.
No. 03 CV 4117 (N.D. Iowa Mar. 14, 2007)

Bocobo v. Radiology Consultants of S. Jersey
No. 02-1697 (D.N.J. Nov. 21, 2005)

Bok v. Mutual Assurance, Inc.
917 F. Supp. 778 (M.D. Ala. 1996)

Born v. Iannacone
1998 WL 297621, 1998-1 Trade Cas. (CCH) ¶ 72,190 (E.D. Pa. June 3, 1998)

Brader v. Allegheny Gen. Hosp.
167 F.3d 832 (3d Cir. 1999)

Braick v. Faxton-St. Luke’s Healthcare
No. CA2003-000482 (N.Y. Sup. Sept. 22, 2004)

Brandon v. Combs
666 S.W. 2d 755 (Ky. Ct. App. 1983)

Braswell v. Haywood Reg’l Med. Ctr.
No. 06-1360 (4th Cir. Apr. 26, 2007)

Braswell v. Haywood Med. Ctr.
352 F. Supp. 2d 639 (W.D.N.C. 2005) (HCQIA immunity granted with respect to the breach of contract claim at the summary judgment level, see Braswell v. Haywood Reg’l Med. Ctr., No. 06-1360 (4th Cir. Apr. 26, 2007)

Breburda v. Ochsner Clinic Found.
No. 05-2816 (E.D.La. Apr. 6, 2006)

Brown v. Med. Coll. of Ohio
79 F. Supp. 2d 840 (N.D. Ohio 1999)

Brown v. Medical College of Ohio
79 F. Supp. 2d 840 (N.D. Ohio Dec. 28, 1999)

Brown v. Presbyterian Healthcare Serv.
101 F.3d 1324 (10th Cir. 1996), cert. denied, 117 S.Ct. 1461 (1997)

Bryan v. James E. Holmes Reg’l Med. Ctr.
33 F.3d 1318 (11th Cir. 1994), cert. denied, 514 U.S. 1019 (1995)

Bryant v. Glen Oaks Medical Center
650 N.E.2d 622 (Ill. App. Ct. 1995)

Burney v. E. Ala. Med. Ctr.
939 F. Supp. 1514 (M.D. Ala. 1996) Burnham Hospital Trade Reg. Rep. (CCH) ¶22,005 (FTC Advisory Opinion Letter Feb. 24, 1983), 101 FTC 991

Caine v. Hardy, et al.
715 F. Supp. 166 (S.D. Mass. 1989), rev’d on other grounds, 905 F.2nd 858 (5th Cir. 1990)

Calvillo v. Gonzalez
922 S.W.2d 928 (Tex. 1996)

Capilli v. Shott
620 F.2d 438 (4th Cir. 1980)

Capital Imaging Associates, P.C. v. Mohawk Valley Medical Associates, Inc.
996 F.2d 537 (2d. Cir. 1993)
Carr v. United Reg’l Health Care Sys., Inc.
No. 4:06-CV-194-A (N.D. Tex. Aug. 16, 2006)

Castelli v. Meadville Medical Center
702 F. Supp. 1201 (W.D. Pa. 1988), aff’d w/o opinion, 872 F.2d 411 (3d. Cir. 1989)

Catipay v. Humility of Mary Health Partners
No. 2005-T-0030 (Ohio Ct. App. Mar. 31, 2006)

Catipay v. Trumbull Mem. Hosp.
No. 2003-T-0136 (Ohio Ct. App. Sept. 24, 2004)

Centeno v. Roseville Community Hospital
107 Cal. App.3d 62, 167 Cal. Rptr. 183 (Cal. Ct. App. 1979)

Chadha v. Charlotte Hungerford Hosp.
No. CV990079598 (Conn. Super. Ct. Aug. 1. 2001), aff’d, 822 A.2d 303 (Conn. App. 2003), cert. granted in part, 829 A.2d 419 (Conn. Jul. 15, 2003) aff’d, 865 A.2d 1163 (Conn. 2005).

Chalal v. Northwest Med. Ctr., Inc.
147 F.Supp.2d 1160 (N.D. Ala. 2000), aff’d, 250 F.3d 749 (11th Cir. 2001) (Table), cert. denied, 534 U.S. 891 (U.S. 2001)

Chalifoux v. Dallas/Fort Worth Med. Ctr.-Grand Prairie
No. 4:00-CV-1866-A (N.D. Tex. Dec. 21, 2001) (unpublished)

Ching v. Methodist Children’s Hosp.
No. 07-02-0218-CV (Tex. Ct. App. Mar. 10, 2003)

City of Cookeville v. Humphrey
No. M2001-00695-COA-R3-CV (Tenn. Ct. App. Nov. 20, 2002), aff’d, 126 S.W. 3d 897 (Tenn. Feb. 20, 2004)

Clark v. Columbia/HCA Info. Servs., Inc.
25 P.3d 215 (Nev. 2001)

Clermont v. Fallon Clinic, Inc.,
16 Mass. L. Rptr. 325 (Mass.Super. May 15, 2003)

Coastal Neuro-Psychiatric Assoc., P.A. v. Onslow Memorial Hospital, Inc.
795 F.2d 40 (4th Cir. 1986)

Coffey v. Healthtrust, Inc.
955 F.2d 1388 (10th Cir. 1992)

Cogan v. Harford Memorial Hospital
843 F. Supp. 1013 (D. Md. 1994)

Collins v. Associated Pathologists, Ltd.
676 F.Supp. 1388 (C.D. Ill. 1987), aff’d, 844 F.2d 473 (7th Cir. 1988)

Comeau v. Mt. Carmel Medical Center, Inc.
869 F.Supp. 858 (D. Kan. 1994)

Continental Orthopedic Appliances, Inc. v. Health Insurance Plan of Greater New York, Inc.
40 F.Supp.2d 109 (E.D.N.Y. 1999)

Costa v. Leavitt
No. 4:05CV3248 (D. Neb. July 26, 2006) (finding that the Department of Health and Human Services acted unreasonably in refusing to strike an erroneous Data Bank report)

Cowlett v. TCH Pediatrics, Inc.,
No. 05 MA 138 (Ohio Ct. App. Sept. 27, 2006)

Crosby v. Hosp. Auth. of Valdosta,
873 F.Supp. 1568 (M.D. Ga. 1995), aff’d, 93 F.3d 1515 (11th Cir. 1996)

Curtsinger v. HCA, Inc.,
No. M2006-00590-COA-R3-CV (Tenn. Ct. App. Apr. 27, 2007)

Dattilo v. Tucson General Hospital
533 P.2d 700 (Ariz. Ct. App. 1975)

Davies v. Genesis Medical Center
994 F. Supp. 1078 (S.D. Iowa 1998)

Deming v. Jackson-Madison County Gen’l Hosp. Dist.,
2005 WL 2114069 (W.D. Tenn.)

Diaz v. Farley
15 F.Supp.2d 1138, 1998-2 Trade Cas. (CCH) ¶ 72,267 (D. Utah July 17, 1998)

Diaz v. Provena Hosp.
213 N.E.2d 556 (Ill. App. Ct. 2004), appeal den., 213 Ill.2d 556 (Jan. 26, 2005)

Dillee v. Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word Health System
912 S.W.2d 307 (Tex. App. 1995)

District of Columbia v. Simpkins
720 A.2d 894 (D.C. 1998)

Doctors’ Med. Clinic v. City of Jackson, Minn.
569 N.W.2d 231 (Minn. Ct. App. 1997), aff’d, 581 N.W.2d 30 (Minn. 1998)

Doe v. Thompson
332 F. Supp. 2d 124 (D.D.C 2004)

Doe v. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services
871 F. Supp. 808 (E.D. Pa. 1994), aff’d, 66 F.3d 310 (3rd Cir. 1995)

Donnell v. HCA Health Servs. of Kan., Inc.
28 P.3d 420 (Kan. Ct. App. 2001)

Dos Santos v. Columbus-Cuneo-Cabrini Medical Center
684 F.2d 1346 (7th Cir. 1982)

Dunning v. Boulder Comm. Hosp.
No. 03CA2064 (Colo. App. Dec. 2, 2004)

Dutta v. St. Francis Regional Medical Center, Inc.
850 P.2d 928 (Kan. Ct. App. 1993), aff’d 867 P.2d 1057 (Kan. 1994)

Dycoco v. Guernsey Memorial Hospital
1997 Ohio App. LEXIS 3247 (Ohio Ct. App. Jun. 3, 1997); (Discretionary Appeal Not Allowed 10/15/97 685 N.E.2d 238 (Table)

East Texas Medical Center Cancer Institute v. Anderson
991 S.W.2d 55 (Tex. Ct. App. 1998)

Egan v. Athol Mem’l Hosp.
971 F. Supp. 37 (D. Mass. 1997), aff’d per curiam, 134 F.3d 361 (1st Cir. 1998)

Ehlen v. St. Cloud Hosp.
No. C4-96-632, 1996 WL 589042 (Minn. Ct. App. Oct. 15, 1996) (unpublished)

Emanuel v. Med. City Dallas Hosp.
2000 WL 17046 (Tex. App. Jan. 12, 2000) (unpublished)

Englestad v. Virginia Municipal Hospital
718 F.2d 262 (8th Cir. 1983)

Evers v. Edward Hosp. Ass’n.
617 N.E.2d 1211 (Ill. App. Ct. 1993)

Ezekwo v. Am. Bd. of Internal Med.
18 F. Supp. 2d 271 (S.D.N.Y. 1998)

Ezpeleta v. Sisters of Mercy Health Corp.
800 F.2d 119 (7th Cir. 1986)

Farr v. Healtheast, Inc.
No. 91-6960, 1993 WL 220680, 1993-1 Trade Cas. ¶ 70,294 (E.D. Pa. June 9, 1993) (unpublished)

Faucher v. Rodziewicz
891 F.2d 864 (11th Cir. 1990)

Feather River Anesthesia Med. Group, Inc. v. Fremont-Rideout Med. Group, Inc.
Nos. C049851, C050832 (Cal. Ct. App. Aug. 29, 2007)

Fobbs v. Holy Cross Health Sys. Corp.
29 F.3d 1439 (9th Cir. 1994), cert. denied, 513 U.S. 1127 (1995)

Ford v. Stroup
113 F.3d 1234 (6th Cir. 1997)

Fox v. Parma Cmty. Gen. Hosp.
No. 84428 (Ohio Ct. App. Apr. 7, 2005)

Freilich v. Bd. of Dirs. of Upper Chesapeake Health, Inc.
313 F.3d 205 (4th Cir. 2002)

Fremaux v. Board of Commissioners of Hospital Service
1997-1 Trade Cas. (CCH) ¶ 71,852 (E.D. La. March 26, 1997)

Furlong v. Long Island College Hospital
710 F.2d (2d. Cir. 1983)

Gabaldoni v. Washington County Hosp. Ass’n
250 F.3d 255 (4th Cir. 2001)

Garibaldi v. Applebaum
742 N.E. 2d 279 (Ill. 2000)

Gateway Cardiology, P.C. v. Wright
No. ED 87226 (Mo. Ct. App. Oct. 31, 2006)

Gelbard v. Bodary
706 N.Y.S.2d 801 (N.Y. App. Div. 2000)

Gelbard v. The Genesee Hosp.
680 N.Y.S.2d 358 (N.Y. App. Div. 1998)

Gelbfish v. Maimonides Medical Center
184 A.2d 614, 584 N.Y.S.2d 651 (App. Div. 1992)

Gill v. Mercy Hosp., et al.
245 Cal. Rptr. 304 (Cal. Ct. App. 1988), cert. denied, 488 U.S. 892 (1988)

Goldsmith v. Harding Hosp., Inc.
762 F. Supp. 187 (S.D. Ohio 1991)

Gonzalez v. San Jacinto Methodist Hospital
880 S.W.2d 436 (Tex. App. 1994), aff’d in part, rev’d in part, 1995 WL 490612 (Tex. App. 1995)

Goodwich v. Sinai Hosp. of Baltimore, Inc.
680 A.2d 1067 (Md. 1996)

Gordon v. Lewistown Hosp.
No. 03-3370 (3d Cir. Sept. 12, 2005)

Gould v. Sacred Heart Hospital of Pensacola
1998 WL 995313 (N.D. Fla. 1998)

Graham v. Wilson N. Jones Memorial Hospital
1994 WL 280260 (Tex. App. 1994)

Green v. Catholic Health Initiatives Colo.
No. 05-CV-01058-WYD-MEH (D. Colo. Feb. 28, 2007)

Griffing v. Lucius O. Crosby Memorial Hospital
1984-1 Trade Cas. (CCH) ¶65,854 (S.D. Miss. 1984)

Griffith v. Healthcare Authority
705 F.Supp. 1489 (N.D. Ala. 1989)

Gureasko v. Bethesda Hosp.
689 N.E.2d 76 (Ohio Ct. App. 1996)

Hager v. Venice Hospital, Inc.
944 F.Supp. 1530 (M.D. Fla. 1996), 1997-1 Trade Cas. (CCH) ¶ 79,328 (M.D. Fla. 1996)

Hancock v. Blue Cross-Blue Shield of Kansas, Inc.
21 F.3d 373 (10th Cir. 1994)

Harron v. United Hospital Center, Inc.
522 F.2d 1133 (4th Cir. 1975), cert. denied, 424 U.S. 916 (1976)

Healow v. Anesthesia Partners, Inc.
1996-2 Trade Cases ¶ 71,567 (9th Cir. Aug. 5, 1996), cert. denied, 117 S. Ct. 1248 (1997)

Held v. Decatur Memorial Hospital,
16 F. Supp.2d 975 (C.D. Ill. 1998)

Holt v. Good Samaritan Hospital and Health Center
590 N.E.2d 1318 (Ohio Ct. App. 1990)

Hospital Corporation of Lake Worth v. Romaguera
511 So.2d 559 (Fla. Ct. App. 1987)

Hoveida v. Scripps Health
No. D046313 (Cal. Ct. App. Dec. 21, 2005)

Hutton v. Memorial Hospital
824 P.2d 61 (Colo. Ct. App. 1991)

Hyde v. Jefferson Parish Hospital
513 F.Supp. 532 (E.D. La. 1981), aff’d, 466 U.S. 2 (1984).

The Imaging Center, Inc. v. Western Maryland Health Systems, Inc.
No. 04-2177 (4th Cir. Dec. 13, 2005)

The Imaging Center, Inc. v. Western Maryland Health System, Inc.
No. WMN-02-292 (D. Md. Aug. 10, 2004)

Imperial v. Suburban Hosp. Ass’n.
37 F.3d 1026 (4th Cir. 1994)

Ironside v. Simi Valley Hosp.
188 F.3d 350 (6th Cir. 1999)

Islami v. Covenant Med. Ctr., Inc.
822 F. Supp. 1361 (N.D. Iowa 1992)

Jadali v. Alamance Reg. Med. Ctr.
No. 1:04CV00214 (M.D. N.C. Dec. 16, 2004)

Jeung v. McKrow
264 F. Supp.2d 557 (E.D. Mich. 2003)

Johnson v. Nyack Hosp.
964 F.2d 116 (2d Cir. 1992)

Joshi v. St. Luke’s Episcopal-Presbyterian Hosp.
No. ED83566 (Mo. Ct. App. July 13, 2004)

Kennington v. Emergency Management Services, Inc.
1994 WL 543198 (Ohio Ct. App. Oct. 5, 1994)

Keskin v. Munster Medical Research Foundation
580 N.E.2d 354 (Ind. Ct. App. 1991)

Kessel v. Monongalia Cty. Gen’l Hosp. Co.
Nos. 31547, 31548 (W. Va. May 19, 2004)

Klein v. Kushins
Docket No. A-4652-05T2 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. Aug. 1, 2007)

Kochert v. Greater Lafayette Health Servs.
No. 05-1196 (7th Cir. Sept. 12, 2006)

Konik v. Champlain Valley Physicians Hospital Medical Center
733 F.2d 1007 (2d. Cir. 1984)

Korshin v. Benedictine Hospital
34 F.Supp.2d 133 (N.D.N.Y. 1999)

Kowal-Vern v. Loyola University of Chicago
US Eastern Dist Ct., Case #97 C6409 Aug 14 2002

Kuck v. Bensen
647 F.Supp. 743 (D. Me. 1986)

Le Baud v. Pacificare Health Systems, Inc.
1998 WL 177968 (N.D. Tex. Apr. 7, 1998)

Leak v. Grant Medical Center
893 F.Supp. 757 (S.D. Ohio 1995)

Lee v. Hosp. Auth.
397 F.3d 1327 (11th Cir. 2005)

Lee v. Trinity Lutheran Hosp.
405 F.3d 1064 (8th Cir. 2005)

Lees v. Asante Health Sys.
No. CV 04-1804-MO (D.Or. Nov. 22, 2005)

Letsch v. Northern San Diego County Hospital District
246 Cal. App.2d 673, 55 Cal. Rptr. 118 (Cal. Ct. App. 1966)

Lewin v. St. Joseph Hospital of Orange
82 Cal. App.3d 368, 146 Cal. Rptr. 892 (Cal. Ct. App. 1978)

Lewisburg Community Hospital, Inc. v. Alfredson
805 S.W.2d 756 (Tenn. 1991)

Leyba v. Renger
874 F.Supp. 1229 (D. N.M. 1994)

Lipson v. Anesthesia Services, P.A.
No. 00C-08-105-JRS (Del. Super. Ct. Oct. 3, 2001)

Lister v. Methodist Medical Center of Oak Ridge
1993 WL 481402 (Tenn. Ct. App. Nov. 18, 1993), appeal denied, April 4, 1994.

Lobo v. Rock
1993 WL 280239 (Conn. Super. Ct. July 15, 1993); 1996 WL 564049 (Conn. Super. Ct. September 20, 1996)

Logan v. HCA, Inc.
No. 3:05-0006 (M.D. Tenn. Nov. 30, 2005)

Long v. Chelsea Community Hospital
219 Mich. App. 578, 557 N.W.2d 157 (Ct. App. 1996)

Longmore v. Kingston Hospital
2003 N.Y. slip op. 14765, 2003 WL 21283192 (N.Y. App. Div. June 5, 2003)

Lufti v. Brighton Community Hospital
Colorado Ct App #00CA0245 May 10, 2001

Lyons v. Saint Vincent Health Center
731 A.2d 206 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1999)

Maewal v. Adventist Health Sys./Sunbelt, Inc.
868 S.W.2d 886 (Tex. App. 1993)

Major v. Memorial Hospitals Assoc
84 Cal. Rptr.2d 510 (Cal. Ct. App. 1999)

Malini v. Singleton & Associates
516 F.Supp. 440 (S.D. Tex. 1981)

Manasra v. St. Francis Med. Ctr.
764 So.2d 295 (La. Ct. App. 2000)  

Manzetti v. Mercy Hosp. of Pittsburgh
776 A.2d 938 (Pa. 2001)

Martin v. Memorial Hospital at Gulfport
881 F. Supp. 1087 (S.D. Miss. 1995), aff’d, 86 F.3d 1391 (5th Cir. 1996), aff’d; 130 F.3d 1143 (5th Cir. 1997)

Mateo-Woodburn v. Fresno Community Hospital and Medical Center
221 Cal. App.3d 1169, 270 Cal. Rptr. 894 (Cal. Ct. App. 1990)

Mathews v. Lancaster Gen. Hosp.
87 F.3d 624 (3d Cir. 1996)

Mays v. Hospital Authority of Henry County
596 F.Supp. 120 (N.D. Ga. 1984)

Maysville Anesthesia Serv. v. Meadowview Reg’l Med. Ctr.
No. Civ.A. 03-79-DLB (E.D.Ky. Mar. 31, 2006)

McKenzie v. Mercy Hospital of Independence, Kansas
854 F.2d 365 (10th Cir. 1988)

McLeay v. Bergan Mercy Health Sys. Corp.
714 N.W.2d 7 (Neb. May 19, 2006) (overruling and replacing 708 N.W.2d 592 (Neb. Dec. 9, 2005)).

McMillan v. Oconee Mem’l Hosp.
626 S.E.2d 884 (S.C. Jan. 30, 2006)

McMorris v. Williamsport Hospital
597 F.Supp. 899 (M.D. Pa. 1984)

Medical Society of New Jersey v. Mottola
Civ. No. 04-2126 (WGB) (D.N.J. June 8, 2004)

Menon v. Stouder Mem’l Hosp.
No. 96-C-27, 1997 WL 71778 (Ohio Ct. App. Feb. 21, 1997) (unpublished)

Mercy-Peninsula Ambulance, Inc. v County of San Mateo
791 F.2d 755 (9th Cir. 1986)

Meyer v. Sunrise Hosp.
22 P.3d 1142 (Nev. 2001)

Meyers v. Columbia/HCA Healthcare Corp.
341 F.3d 461 (6th Cir. 2003)

Meyers v. Logan Memorial Hospital
No. CIV.A.1:97-CV-219-M (W.D.Ky. Jan. 27, 2000)

Mid-Michigan Radiology Associates., P.C. v. Central Michigan Community Hospital
1995-1 Trade Cas. ¶ 70,943 (E.D. Mich. Feb. 15, 1995)

Minnesota Association of Nurse Anesthetists v. Unity Hospital
208 F.3d 655 (8th Cir. 2000)

Misischia v. St. John’s Mercy Health Sys.
No. 4:04CV1161CEJ (E.D. Mo. Aug. 5, 2005)

Mitchell v. Frank R. Howard Memorial Hospital
853 F.2d 762 (9th Cir. 1988)

Monroe v. AMI Hosps. of Texas, Inc.
877 F. Supp. 1022 (S.D. Tex. 1994)

Moore v. Rubin
No. 2001-T-0150 (Ohio Ct. App. Sept. 17, 2004)

Morales-Villalobos v. Garcia-Llorens
137 F.Supp. 2d 44 (D.P.R. 2001) (dismissing complaint with leave to amend), 193 F.Supp. 2d 401 (D.P.R. 2002) (dismissing amended complaint), rev’d, 316 F.3d S1 (1st Cir. 2003)

Morgan v. Peacehealth, Inc.
No. 43467-5-I (Wash. Ct. App. April 17, 2000)

Mueller v. Columbus Cmty. Hosp., Inc.
No. 8:06CV1 (D. Neb. May 30, 2006)

Munch v. Charlotte Hungerford Hosp.
No. CV000082892S, 2002 WL 983349 (Conn. Super. Ct. 2002)

Muzquiz v. W.A. Foote Mem’l Hosp., Inc.
70 F.3d 422 (6th Cir. 1995)

N. Colo. Med. Ctr., Inc. v. Nicholas
27 P.3d 828 (Colo. 2001) (en banc)

Northeast Ga. Med. Ctr. v. Davenport
527 S.E.2d 548 (Ga. 2000); remanded to, Davenport v. Northeast Ga. Med. Ctr., 542 S.E.2d 525 (Ga. Ct. App. 2000)

Nanavati v. Burdette Tomlin Memorial Hospital
645 F.Supp. 1217 (D. N.J. 1986), aff’d in part, 857 F.2d 96 (3d. Cir. 1988)

Nilavar v. Mercy Health System-Western Ohio
254 F.Supp. 2d 897 (S.D. Ohio 2003) aff’d No. 06-3819 (6th Cir. Aug. 7, 2007)

Northeast Georgia Radiological Associates. v. Tidwell
670 F.2d 507 (5th Cir. 1982)

Odom v. Fairbanks Mem’l Hosp.
999 P.2d 123 (Alaska 2000)

Oltz v. St. Peters Community Hospital
861 F.2d 1440 (9th Cir. 1988)

Omar v. Jewish Hosp. Healthcare Servs., Inc.
153 S.W.3d 845 (Ky. Ct. App. 2004)

Onel v. Tenet Healthsystems
No. Civ.A. 02-2636 (E.D. La. Oct. 31, 2003)

Palm Springs General Hospital v. Valdes
784 So.2d 1151 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2001)

Pamintuan v. Nanticoke Mem’l Hosp.
192 F.3d 378 (3d Cir. 1999)  

Parikh v. Franklin Medical Center
940 F.Supp. 395 (D. Mass. 1996)

Parker v. St. Mary’s Health Network
No. 41028 (Nev. Sept. 7, 2005)

Parsons v. Sanchez
46 F.3d 1136 (Table), 1995-1 Trade Cas. (CCH) ¶ 70,877 (9th Cir. Jan. 19, 1995) (unpublished)

Patel v. Scotland Memorial Hospital
1995-1 Trade Cas. ¶ 70,971 (M.D.N.C., Mar. 31, 1995)

Patrick v. Floyd Med. Ctr.
565 S.E.2d 491 (Ga. Ct. App. 2002)

Patton v. St. Francis Hosp.
581 S.E. 2d 551 (Ga. Ct. App. Feb. 20, 2003)

Payne v. Harris Methodist H-E-B
No. 4:99-CV-273-R 2001-1 Trade Cas. (CCH) ¶73,169 (N.D. Tex. 2001), aff’d, 44 Fed. Appx. 652 (5th Cir. June 7, 2002) (Table)

Perez v. Pottstown Mem’l Med. Ctr.
No. 97-3334, 1998 WL 464916 (E.D. Pa Aug. 3, 1998) (unpublished), aff’d 210 F.3d 358 (3d Cir. 2000) (Table)

Peyton v. Johnson City Med. Ctr.
101 S.W.3d 76 (Tenn. Ct. App. 2002)

Pfenninger v. Exempla, Inc., et al.
116 F. Supp. 2d 1184 (D. Colo. 2000)

Pitre v. Wadley Regional Medical Center
Texas 5th Cir Jul 28 2003 #02-41630 5:01-CV-139

Plummer v. Community General Hosp. of Thomasville, Inc.
No. COA97-191 (N.C. Ct. App. Dec. 31, 2002)

Poirier v. Our Lady of Bellefonte Hosp., Inc.,
No. 2004-CA-002335-MR (Ky. Ct. App. Feb. 17, 2006)

Poliner v. Tex. Health Sys.,
No. Civ.A.3:00-CV-1007-P (N.D. Tex. Mar. 27, 2006)

Prakasam v. Popowski
566 So.2d 189 (La. Ct. App. 1990)

Quamme v. Lancaster-Fairfield Community Hospital
1995 WL 156276 (Ohio Ct. App. Feb. 27, 1995); dismissed, 651 N.E.2d 1308 (Ohio 1995)

Quartemont v. St. Joseph Hosp. and Health Ctr.
No. CIV.A. H-94-1787, 1995 WL 804510 (S.D. Tex. Nov. 6, 1995) (unpublished)

Radiology Professional Corporation v. Trinidad Area Health Association, Inc.
577 P.2d 748 (Colo. 1978)

RADS, P.C. v. Mercy Memorial Hospital
3 F.Supp. 2d 772 (E.D. Mich. 1998), aff’d, 1999 WL 551407 (6th Cir. July 20, 1999)

Randall v. Buena Vista County Hospital
75 F. Supp 2d 946 (N.D. Iowa 1999)

Randall v. United States
No. 92-96-CIV-3-BR. (E.D.N.C. May 21, 1993) aff’d, 30 F.3d 518 (4th Cir. 1994), cert. denied, 115 S.Ct. 1956 (1995)

Rao v. Pontiac General Hospital
1987-2 Trade Cases ¶ 67,805 (6th Cir. (Mich.), Dec. 15, 1987)

Ray v. St. Johns Health Care Corporation
582 N.E. 2d 464 (Ind. Ct. App. 1991)

Read v. McKennan Hospital
610 N.W. 2d 782 (S.D. 2000)

Reed v. Franklin Parish Hosp. Svc.
No. Civ. A. 04-1481 (W.D. La. Dec. 11, 2006)

Redding v. St. Francis Medical Center
208 Cal. App.3d 98, 225 Cal. Rptr. 806 (Cal. Ct. App. 1989)

Reddy v. Good Samaritan Hosp. and Health Ctr.
No. C-3-90-197 (S.D. Ohio April 18, 2001)

Richter v. Danbury Hospital
759 A.2d 106 (Conn. App. 2000)

Rockland Physician Associates v. Grodin
616 F.Supp. 945 (S.D.N.Y. 1985) 616 F.Supp. 958 (S.D.N.Y. 1985)

Rogers v. Columbia/HCA of Central Louisiana, Inc.
971 F. Supp. 229 (W.D. La. 1997), aff’d, 140 F.3d 1038 (5th Cir. 1998)

Ryals v. St. Mary-Corwin Regional Medical Center
987 P.2d 865 (Colo. Ct. App. 1999), rev’d 10 P.3d 654 (Colo. 2000)

Saint Louis v. Baystate Medical Center, Inc.
568 N.E. 2d 1181 (Mass. App. Ct. 1991)

Scara v. Bradley Memorial Hospital
1993-2 Trade Cases 70,353 (E.D. Tenn., Feb. 4, 1993)

Schindler v. Marshfield Clinic,
2006 WL 2944703 (W.D. Wis. Oct. 12, 2006)

Schmidt v. Principal Healthcare of Louisiana, Inc.,
Civ. A. No. 96-1260, 1996 WL 264990 (E.D. La. May 16, 1996)

Schueller v. Norman
No. 92-1075, 1994 WL 837091, 1995-2 Trade Cas. (CCH) ¶ 71,064 (W.D. Ark. 1994) (unpublished), aff’d, 46 F.3d 1136 (8th Cir. 1995) (Table), cert. denied, 516 U.S. 862 (1995)

Shafi v. St. Francis Hosp. of Charleston, W. Va.
1991-1 Trade Cases ¶ 69,500 (4th Cir. (W.Va.) July 16, 1991)

Shah v. Deaconess Hospital
Ohio Case 00-00178 Aug 5 2003

Shaw v. Phelps County Regional Medical Center
858 F.Supp. 954 (E.D. Mo. 1994)

Shelton v. Schneider
No. 05 C 5955 (N.D.Ill. Nov. 2, 2005)

Shilling v. Moore
545 N.W.2d 442 (Neb. 1996)

Simpkins v. Shalala
999 F. Supp. 106 (D.D.C. 1998)

Singh v. Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Massachusetts
308 F.3d 25 (1st Cir. 2002)

Sinoff v. Ohio Permanente Med. Group, Inc.
No. 79649 (Ohio Ct. App. Dec. 27, 2001)

Sithian v. Spence
724 N.Y.S.2d 906(N.Y. App. Div. 2001)

Sithian v. Staten Island Univ. Hosp.
No. 10046/98, 11442/97, 11665/97 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2001) (award of attorneys’ fees), aff’d, Sithian v.
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Sklaroff v. Allegheny Health Educ.
Research Found., No. CIV.A. 95-4758, 1996 WL 383137 (E.D. Pa. July 8, 1996) (unpublished), aff’d, 118 F.3d 1578 (3rd Cir. 1997) (Table)

Smego v. Stamford Hosp.
No. X08CV030197414 (Conn. Super. Ct. Sept. 6, 2005)

Smith v. Burns Clinic Medical Center, P.C.
779 F.2d 1173 (6th Cir. 1985)

Smith v. Northern Michigan Hospitals, Inc.
518 F.Supp. 644 (W.D. Mich. 1981), aff’d in part, rev’d in part, 703 F.2d 942 (6th Cir. 1983)

Smith v. Ricks
31 F.3d 1478 (9th Cir. 1994), cert. denied, 514 U.S. 1035 (1995)

South Fulton Med. Ctr. v. Prakash
514 S.E.2d 233 (Ga. Ct. App. 1999)

Southeast Cancer Network, P.C. v. DCH Healthcare Authority, Inc.
No. 1012382 (Ala. June 13, 2003)

Spunberg v. Columbia/JFK Medical Center, Inc.
1997 WL 868607 (Fla. Cir. Ct. 1997) 1999 WL 1074121 (Fla.Cir.Ct. 1999)

St. Marys Hospital of Athens, Inc. v. Cohen
456 S.E.2d 79 (Ga. Ct. App. 1995)

St. Marys Hospital of Athens, Inc. v. Radiology Professional Corporation
421 S.E.2d 731 (Ga. Ct. App. 1992)

Stephan v. Baylor Med. Ctr.
20 S.W.3d 880 (Tex. App. 2000)

Steuer and Latham, P.A. v. National Medical Enterprises, Inc.
672 F.Supp. 1489 (D. S.C. 1987), aff’d, 846 F.2d 70 (4th Cir. 1988)

Stone v. William Beaumont Hospital
1981 WL 2222 (E.D. Mich. Aug. 17, 1981) 782 F.2d 609 (6th Cir. 1986)

Strauss v. Peninsula Regional Medical Center
916 F.Supp. 528 (D. Md. 1996), aff’d, 86 F.3d 1152 (4th Cir. 1996)

Stutzman v. U.S. Health Corporation
60 Ohio St. 3d 720, 574 N.E.2d 1084 (Ohio 1991)

Sugarbaker v. SSM Health Care
190 F.3d 905 (8th Cir. 1999)

Sullivan v. Baptist Memorial Hospital-Golden Triangle, Inc.
722 So.2d 675 (Miss. 1998)

Surgical Care Center of Hammond, L.C. v. Hospital Service District No.1
1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12043 (E.D. La. Aug. 8, 1997);153 F.3d 220 (5th Cir. 1998); rev’d and remanded, 171 F.3d 231 (5th Cir. 1999)

Talwar v. Mercer County Joint Township Cmty. Hosp.
No. 3:06CV3092 (N.D. Ohio Nov. 8, 2007)

Taylor v. Kennestone Hosp., Inc.
No. A03A2308 (Ga. Ct. App. Feb. 17, 2004)

Tenet Health Ltd., d/b/a Brownsville Medical Center v. Zamora
13 S.W.3d 464 (Tex. App. 2000)

Tomlinson v. Humana, Inc.
495 So.2d 630 (Ala. 1986)

Ulrich v. City and County of San Francisco,
308 F.3d 968 (9th Cir. 2002).

U.S. Healthcare, Inc. v. Healthsource, Inc.
986 F.2d 589 (1st Cir. 1993)

United States of America v. Mercy Health Services
902 F. Supp. 968 (N. D. Iowa 1995)

The University of Miami v. Spunberg
784 So.2d 541(Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2001)

Vakharia v. Little County of Mary Hospital and Healthcare Centers
917 F.Supp. 1282 (N.D. Ill. 1996); 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 19061 (N.D. Ill. Nov. 18, 1997); 2 F. Supp. 2d 1028 (N.D. Ill. 1998)

Vakil v. Anesthesiology Associates of Taunton, Inc.
744 N.E. 2d 651 (Mass. Ct. App. 2001)

Van Valkenburg v. Paracelsus Healthcare Corporation
606 N.W.2d 908 (N.D. 2000)

Velasco v. Illinois Department of Human Services
7th Cir 00-1391 99 C 4314 September 26 2000

Volcjak v. Washington County Hospital Assoc.
723 A.2d 463 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 1999)

Wahi v. Charleston Med. Ctr.
No. 2:04-cv-00019 (S.D.W.Va. Sept. 29, 2006)

Wall v. Firelands Radiology, Inc.
666 N.E. 2d 235 (Ohio Ct. App. 1995)

Wayne v. Genesis Med. Ctr.
140 F.3d 1145 (8th Cir. 1998)

Webb v. West Side District Hospital
144 Cal. App. 3d 946, 193 Cal. Rptr. 80 (Cal. Ct. App. 1983)

Wheeler v. Methodist Hosp.
95 S.W. 3d 628 (Tex. App. 2002)

Whitaker v. Houston County Hosp. Auth.
Nos. A05A0473, A05A0474 (Ga. App. March 25, 2005)

White v. Rockingham Radiologists, Ltd.
1986-1 Trade Cases ¶ 67,142 (W.D. Va., Jun 12, 1986) 820 F.2d 98 (4th Cir. 1987)

Wichita Clinic, P.A. v. Columbia/HCA Healthcare Corp.
45 F. Supp. 2d 1164 (D. Kan. Mar. 31, 1999) (order denying reconsideration May 11, 1999)

Wieters v. Roper Hosp., Inc.
58 Fed. Appx. 40 (4th Cir. Feb. 27, 2003) (unpublished)

Wilkey v. McCullough-Hyde Mem’l Hosp.
No. 1:04CV768 (S.D. Ohio, Oct. 18, 2007)

Williams v. Hobbs
460 N.E.2d 287 (Ohio Ct. App. 1983)

Williamson v. Sacred Heart Hospital
1993 WL 543002 (N.D. Fla., May 28, 1993)

Willis-Knighton Medical Center v. City of Bossier
1997 U.S.Dist. LEXIS 20920 (W.D. La. May 12, 1997) 2 F.Supp.2d 842 (W.D. La 1997), rev’d, 178 F.3d 1290 (Table)

Wilson v. Muckala
App Ct Oklahoma DC No 97-CV-910-E

Wohlfahrt v. HCA Health Services of Tex., Inc.
No. 14-96-00381-CV, 1997 WL 603010 (Tex. App. Oct. 2, 1997) (unpublished)

Wojewski v. Rapid City Reg’l Hosp., Inc.
No. 23954 (S.D. Mar. 28, 2007)

Wood v. Archbold Med. Ctr., Inc.
No. 6:05 CV 53(HL) (M.D. Ga. June 29, 2006)

Wright v. Southern Mono Hospital District
631 F.Supp. 1294 (E.D. Cal. 1986) aff’d, Stehlik v. Southern Mono Hospital District, 924 F.2d 1063 (9th Cir. 1991) (Table).

Zheng v. Quest Diagnostics Inc.
No. 03-3093 (JAG) (D.N.J. July 11, 2006)

Zisk v. Quincy Hosp.
No. 04-P-985 (Mass. App. Ct. Sept. 14, 2005)
14 F.3d 793 (2d. Cir. 1994)